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USA

The Woolworth Building, Manhattan, New York

The Woolworth Building was designed by the architect Cass Gilbert and commissioned by Frank Winfield Woolworth. It was constucted 1911-1913, is 792 feet high and for 16 years was the tallest skyscraper in the world until succeeded by the Chrysler Building.From a 29 storey platform the building becomes a tower, on the very top of which is a 3 storey, 125 foot tall copper clad roof. The Gothic Style building has gargoyles, turrets, pinnacles and buttresses. The lobby has glass mosaics, polished steel doors and walls lined with dark marble from Skyros. It also includes caricatures of Frank Woolworth counting out coins, Cass Gilbert cradling a scale model of his building and Gunwald Aus who was the structural engineer, measuring a steel girder. Frank Woolworth paid for the building which cost $13.5 million, in cash. He said " I do not want a mere building. I want something that will be an ornament to the city" The tower gained the nickname "The Cathedral of Commerce".

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